Cell function in Excel

Use

Cell function in Excel returns with cell’s information regarding formatting, location, and contents etc. For example, this function is very useful to verify whether you have any text format cell in sheet or not before performing calculations.

Syntax

CELL(info_type, [reference])

Where,

Info_type is a text value used to specify which type of information (discussed below) is needed.

info_type Returns
“address” Reference of the first cell in reference, as text.
“col” Column number of the cell in reference.
“color” The value 1 if the cell is formatted in color for negative values; otherwise returns 0 (zero).

Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter.

“contents” Value of the upper-left cell in reference; not a formula.
“filename” Filename (including full path) of the file that contains reference, as text. Returns empty text (“”) if the worksheet that contains reference has not yet been saved.

Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter.

“format” Text value corresponding to the number format of the cell. The text values for the various formats are shown in the following table. Returns “-” at the end of the text value if the cell is formatted in color for negative values. Returns “()” at the end of the text value if the cell is formatted with parentheses for positive or all values.

Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter.

“parentheses” The value 1 if the cell is formatted with parentheses for positive or all values; otherwise returns 0.

Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter.

“prefix” Text value corresponding to the “label prefix” of the cell. Returns single quotation mark (‘) if the cell contains left-aligned text, double quotation mark (“) if the cell contains right-aligned text, caret (^) if the cell contains centered text, backslash (\) if the cell contains fill-aligned text, and empty text (“”) if the cell contains anything else.

Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter.

“protect” The value 0 if the cell is not locked; otherwise returns 1 if the cell is locked.

Note: This value is not supported in Excel Online, Excel Mobile, and Excel Starter.

“row” Row number of the cell in reference.
“type” Text value corresponding to the type of data in the cell. Returns “b” for blank if the cell is empty, “l” for label if the cell contains a text constant, and “v” for value if the cell contains anything else.
“width” Column width of the cell, rounded off to an integer. Each unit of column width is equal to the width of one character in the default font size.

Table source: Microsoft Excel Website

[reference] – It is the reference of the cell from which you want to get information.

Example

Formulas:

Results:

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