Organic and Inorganic Compounds

Difference between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

Organic and inorganic compounds make the basis for chemistry. However, there are chief differences between Organic and inorganic compounds. Let’s have a look at the basic differences between the two.

Organic compounds always have carbon in them (and often a hydrogen atom) . Almost, all organic compounds have C-H bonds. Most of the inorganic compounds do not contain carbon, so there are no C-H bonds in them. Containing carbon doesn’t always mean that the compound is organic. Another point of distinction is the association of a molecule with living things. So, the molecules which are associated with living things are organic like, nucleic acids, DNA, proteins, lipids and fatty acids. While inorganic compounds include salts, metals, substances made of single elements and other compounds that do not contain C-H bonds. Given below are some generalized properties of organic and inorganic compounds:

Organic

Inorganic

Gasses, liquids or solids Mostly solids
Always contain carbon, usually C-H bonds

May contain carbon, but no C-H bonds.

Contain metals

Generally, they are found in living things Generally we get them from non-living things like minerals
Examples: Nucleic acids, Ethane, Methane, Proteins, and lipids etc. Examples: Carbon dioxide, NaCl, and Sulphuric acid etc.

 

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